Our research base

The following articles comprise the published research that informs the Darkhorse approach.  All of these were produced by Darkhorse research affiliate the Centre for Excellence in Operations. Darkhorse co-founder Daniel Haight managed the research centre from 2005 through 2013.

Budge, S., A. Ingolfsson, E. Erkut (2008) Optimal ambulance location with random delays and travel times. Health Care Management Science 11 262-274.
Budge, S., A. Ingolfsson, E. Erkut (2009) Approximating vehicle dispatch probabilities for emergency service systems with location-specific service times and multiple units per location. Operations Research 57 251-255.
Budge, S., A. Ingolfsson, D. Zerom (2010) Empirical analysis of ambulance travel times: The case of Calgary Emergency Medical Services. Management Science 56 716-723.
Channouf, N., A. Ingolfsson, P. L'Ecuyer, A. Avramidis (2007) The application of forecasting techniques to modeling emergency medical system calls in Calgary, Alberta, Health Care Management Science, 10, 25 - 45.
Erdoğan, G., E. Erkut, A. Ingolfsson, G. Laporte (2010) Scheduling ambulance crews for maximum coverage. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 61 543 550.
Erkut, E., A. Ingolfsson, G. Erdoğan. (2008). Ambulance deployment for maximum survival. Naval Research Logistics 55 42-58.
Erkut, E., A. Ingolfsson, T. Sim, G. Erdoğan (2009) Computational comparison of five maximal covering models for locating ambulances. Geographical Analysis, 41 43-65.
Erkut, E., A. Ingolfsson, S. Budge (2008) Maximum availability/reliability models for selecting ambulance station and vehicle locations: a critique.
Haight, D (2010) Agency Uses Patient-Centric Approach for Station Location. Journal of Emergency Medical Services,  Sept 15, 2010.  Retrieved from : Agency Uses Patient-Centric Approach for Station Location.
Ingolfsson, A., E. Erkut, S. Budge (2003) Simulation of single start station for Edmonton EMS. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 54 736–746.